Rent Choice Policy
Last published 22 Oct 2018
Rent Choice is a form of Private Rental Assistance (PRA) that supports households to access safe and affordable housing in the private rental market. It provides a time limited private rental subsidy for up to three years and facilitates access to support services, including training and employment opportunities, to build capacity for independent living.
The following Rent Choice products may be offered to eligible clients:
- Rent Choice Start Safely
- Rent Choice Youth
- Rent Choice Veterans
- Rent Choice Assist Trial
- Deeper Subsidy
- Moderate Income
Rent Choice supports access to safe and affordable housing in the private rental market to eligible clients who are able to demonstrate a capacity to sustain their tenancy in private rental accommodation.
This policy applies to all applicants who may be eligible for a Rent Choice product. Clients must have the capacity to afford private rental accommodation at the end of the subsidy period.
Under Housing Pathways, all participating community housing providers may facilitate access to private rental assistance products, however only the Department of Family and Community Services (FACS) Housing and Social Housing Management Transfer community housing providers may deliver Rent Choice products.
3. Policy statement
Rent Choice provides medium term financial assistance for up to three years for low to moderate income households, to enable them to secure and sustain a tenancy in the private rental market. The program assists clients to access support services, including training and employment opportunities, to build capacity to continue living independently after the Rent Choice assistance ends. It ensures that clients are supported in their transition to sustainable independence. The client must express a commitment to sustaining a tenancy while receiving the subsidy and to transitioning to independent living. The client must be willing to receive and continue with support services where relevant.
Clients that receive a Rent Choice Youth, Rent Choice Veterans or Rent Choice Start Safely that are approved to receive a deeper subsidy are required to have an Independence Support Plan (ISP). The ISP is a person-centred approach to coordinating ‘wrap-around’ services to support the client to build their capability to transition to housing independence at the end of the subsidy period.
The ISP is completed by both the client and either FACS, a Social Housing Management Transfer community housing provider, or the client’s support provider. If the client is in receipt of Rent Choice Youth, the ISP will need to be endorsed by the Partner Facilitation Group. The ISP aims to assist the client to develop realistic goals, and identify the appropriate support to achieve these goals. Effective support planning is critical for managing the provision of support services as well as the broader training and employment opportunities.
Once approved for Rent Choice, clients do not have to apply for, or be listed on the NSW Housing Register. Clients who are listed on the NSW Housing Register will have their Housing Register status changed to ‘suspended’ from the time they start receiving a Rent Choice product until they exit. Rent Choice is not intended for clients who require long-term housing assistance and who have long term support needs. Social housing may be the most suitable housing option for those clients.
In addition to Rent Choice assistance, eligible clients can access Rentstart Assistance products to assist with costs to establish and maintain a tenancy in the private rental market such as; Bond Loan, Advance Rent, assistance to pay rental arrears or Temporary Accommodation for homeless people. For more information, go to the Rentstart Assistance Policy.
Rent Choice can also be used in conjunction with other private rental assistance products including, Private Rental Brokerage, Brokerage Funds or Tenancy Guarantee. For more information, go to the Private Rental Assistance Policy.
Property affordability and calculating a subsidy
Rent Choice clients are expected to find a property within their affordability. This ensures that clients have the capacity to afford private rental accommodation at the end of the subsidy period. When calculating affordability, FACS calculates the combined total of 50% of the gross household weekly income plus 100% Commonwealth Rent Assistance (CRA) that the client is eligible to receive.
Clients who receive Rent Choice are entitled to receive CRA as they are renting in the private sector and are not social housing tenants. When assessing the household income for rental affordability, social housing providers will presume that a client is receiving CRA even if they have not applied to Centrelink for assistance.
A Rent Choice subsidy makes up the difference between the amount the client pays and the market rent. For the first 12 months, Rent Choice subsidises the difference between the market rent and 25% of the recipient’s gross assessable income plus 100% of their CRA entitlement.
Clients receiving a Rent Choice product are required to have their subsidy assistance tapered. Subsidy Tapering prepares clients to pay full market rent through a gradual reduction in subsidy assistance. By gradually reducing the subsidy amount, the amount of rent a client pays gradually increases. This supports the client to build capacity over time, to be able to sustain private rental tenancies at market rents and become financially independent.
Tapering of the client’s rent will generally commence on the 12 month anniversary of the first subsidy payment. The subsidy amount will then be gradually reduced at six monthly intervals. Each time a taper step is due, the current subsidy will be divided by the expected number of taper steps:
Taper amount = Current subsidy / number of expected taper steps left.
The client’s rent is increased by the taper amount calculated.
Reviewing Rent Choice
A review is conducted every three months to determine continued eligibility and need for the subsidy, assess whether the client is managing their tenancy effectively, check whether appropriate support services are in place, and monitor client progress against agreed goals.
This is referred to as a Quarterly Review.
When a client advises of any changes to their household or household income, the subsidy will be reassessed to ensure that the household is paying the correct amount of rent and is still entitled to receive a Rent Choice Subsidy.
The key stages where tapering adjustments are implemented are at six monthly intervals – at the end of 12 months, 18 months, 24 months, 30 months and then at the end of the subsidy period of 36 months. These adjustments will be discussed and confirmed with the client at the Quarterly Reviews three months prior, where the client’s readiness for tapering will be assessed - at 9 months, 15 months, 21 months, 27 months and 33 months.
If the decision is made not to commence tapering of the client’s subsidy, the client will be reviewed again for tapering at the next quarterly review. If the client is unable to commence tapering following a subsequent quarterly review they may need to be assessed for an alternate product.
Exceptions where Subsidy Tapering can be applied at a reduced rate
In circumstances where the tapering of a subsidy may impact negatively on a client’s capacity to sustain a tenancy, a reduced rate of tapering may be applied. Approval for a reduced taper rate can be given if the client can demonstrate (but is not limited to) that:
- Reducing their subsidy could negatively impact their ability to manage while they are completing qualifications
- They are experiencing financial stress as a result of medical treatment for themselves or a household member
- They have incurred extensive funeral costs
- They are experiencing financial difficulties as a result of court proceedings.
Eligibility criteria for Subsidy Tapering prior 1 November 2016
Clients who received either a Start Safely Private Rental Subsidy or Youth Private Rental Subsidy prior to 1 November 2016 will be exempt from Subsidy Tapering. However, existing clients that received either a Start Safely Private Rental Subsidy or Youth Private Rental Subsidy may opt to have tapering applied to their subsidy.
Changes in circumstances
A Rent Choice client must advise their social housing provider within 28 days of any changes in:
- Household members;
- Household income;
- Property address; or
- Landlord or real estate agent.
If a Rent Choice client does not communicate any of the changes listed above, the household may be provided with an incorrect subsidy amount. In some cases, this may result in the client owing money or their subsidy being ended.
A client must also liaise with their approving provider before they move to another property as this may affect the approval of their subsidy or the amount of their subsidy, including the rate of their subsidy taper.
Paying a Rent Choice subsidy
A Rent Choice subsidy will be paid from:
- The date on which the client’s application was approved, if the client is remaining in their existing property, or
- The date when the client’s lease begins.
If Advance Rent is provided, the client’s subsidy will commence from the date that the Advance Rent ceases to cover the rent; either one or two weeks after the lease commencement date.
The subsidy is paid directly to the landlord/agent, with payment generally being one month in advance.
A Rent Choice Subsidy will end when a client has undergone a review and a decision to exit Rent Choice has been made or when the maximum period of 36 months has been reached.
Rent Choice Products
3.1 Rent Choice Start Safely
Rent Choice Start Safely applies to clients escaping domestic or family violence who are homeless or at risk of homelessness and are eligible for social housing.
Rent Choice Start Safely clients with a moderate income may be eligible to receive a Rent Choice Start Safely subsidy if they have been identified as being at serious threat and referred through a Safety Action Meeting (SAM). The SAMs are regular meetings of local service providers that aim to prevent or lessen serious threats to the safety of domestic violence victims and their children through targeted information sharing. Members share information to develop tailored, time-specific Safety Action Plans for victims at serious threat and their children.
In locations where a SAM is not available, a delegated officer of FACS Housing or a Social Housing Management Transfer community housing provider can also directly assess and recommend moderate income clients for Rent Choice Start Safely. They must include in their assessment the reasons why the client is at serious threat of domestic and family violence. As indicated above, this can be demonstrated where local police, courts or services have assessed the client using the Domestic Violence Safety Assessment Tool, or there is equivalent evidence.
Rent Choice Start Safely is currently available in all areas across New South Wales where social housing is delivered.
In high cost locations, clients may be eligible to receive a deeper subsidy if their ISP includes a strategy for increasing their income by the time they are ready to exit Rent Choice. A deeper subsidy allows the client to find a property with a higher market rent than the standard affordable rent. For more information, go to Maximum affordability limits for deeper subsidy by bedroom category table.
Rent Choice Start Safely clients will be eligible to receive Brokerage Funds to assist them with costs relating to establishing and maintaining their tenancy. For more information on Brokerage Funds, go to Private Rental Assistance Policy.
Eligibility for Rent Choice Start Safely
To be eligible for Rent Choice Start Safely, clients must:
- Be eligible for social housing* (for more information, go to the Eligibility for Social Housing Policy);
- Be escaping domestic or family violence;
- Be homeless or at risk of homelessness;
- Express commitment to sustaining a tenancy while receiving Rent Choice and to sustaining their independence after Rent Choice ends;
- Commit to engaging with the review process and working toward meeting support plan goals; and
- Be willing to receive and continue with support services where relevant.
* Income eligibility for moderate income households is defined in the NSW Affordable Housing Ministerial Guidelines
Rent Choice Start Safely clients must provide suitable documentary evidence to:
- Support their eligibility for social housing. Go to Eligibility for Social Housing Policy for more information;
- Support that they are homeless or at risk of homelessness due to domestic or family violence. Go to Evidence requirements information sheet for more information.
Clients must also provide proof of income for all members of the household aged 18 years and over. For more information, go to Proof of income and assets.
3.2 Rent Choice Youth
Rent Choice Youth applies to clients between the ages 16 and 24 years who are capable of living independently; are homeless or at risk of homelessness; are eligible for social housing and who have the capacity and intention to engage in employment, education or training. The client must be able to sustain a tenancy while receiving a subsidy and be financially independent after the subsidy ceases. The client must be engaged with a Partner Facilitation Group (PFG). The PFG will represent the client and ensure that the client maintains engagement with support providers.
If the client is less than 18 years of age, they are required to agree to have the lease agreement explained and witnessed by a Tenants Advice and Advocacy Service, solicitor or Legal representative. They cannot participate in the program without this occurring.
Rent Choice Youth clients are required to undertake a Rent It Keep It course, ideally prior to approval for Rent Choice or within 3 months of being approved for the subsidy, or provide evidence that they have completed Rent It Keep It (all 12 modules) in the previous six months. These courses are run regularly by a number of agencies in NSW. For more information, go to the Rent it, Keep it Fact Sheet.
Rent Choice Youth is currently available in the following locations:
- Tamworth and Armidale
- Central Coast
- Queanbeyan and Goulburn
- Wagga Wagga and Albury
- Orange, Bathurst, and Dubbo
- South Eastern Sydney
- South West Sydney
- Penrith and Mount Druitt/Blacktown
- Western Sydney
- Sydney (Inner City, Inner West and North Sydney)
- Coffs Harbour
In high cost locations, clients may be eligible to receive a deeper subsidy if their support plan includes a strategy for increasing their income by the time they are ready to exit Rent Choice. A deeper subsidy allows the client to find a property with a higher market rent than the standard affordable rent. For more information, go to Maximum affordability limits for deeper subsidy by bedroom category table.
Rent Choice Youth clients will be eligible to receive Brokerage Funds to assist them in establishing and maintaining their tenancy and/or to cover relevant study related costs. For more information on Brokerage Funds, go to Private Rental Assistance Policy.
Eligibility Rent Choice Youth
To be eligible for Rent Choice Youth, clients must be:
- Aged between 16 and 24 years of age;
- Eligible for social housing;
- Able to live independently with appropriate support in place;
- Homeless or at risk of homelessness;
- Engaged with a support service that has been approved by the Partnership Facilitation Group; and
- Willing to engage in training; education; or employment during the period of the subsidy.
Rent Choice Youth clients, through their support providers, must provide suitable documentary evidence to:
- Support their eligibility for social housing. For more information, go to the Eligibility for Social Housing Policy; and
- Support that they are homeless or at risk of homelessness.
Youth Share allows Rent Choice Youth clients who do not know each other to share suitable accommodation. To be eligible for Youth Share, the clients need to be matched and recommended by their support providers and approved by the Partnership Facilitation Group (PFG).
Youth Share Subsidy involves the provision of a Bond Grant for the property rather than a Bond Loan, recognising that young people may be ready to exit the Youth Share program at different times. The Bond Grant provides stability for the remaining client. At the commencement of a shared tenancy, a Bond Grant will be paid by FACS directly to the Rental Bond Board for each share client. If there is a change in the household, the lease will be updated with the name of the new client. There is no change to the bond arrangement, as the existing bond is retained by the Rental Bond Board. At the end of the tenancy, the bond will be returned to FACS by the Rental Bond Board.
Youth Share helps house young people in areas where rental costs are not affordable for a single person receiving a Youth Allowance payment from Centrelink. Youth Share is available wherever Rent Choice Youth is offered.
For a property to be suitable, the property should be close to transport, be in a safe area, and accessible to educational, employment and/or training facilities. For more information, go to the Social Housing Eligibility and Allocations Policy Supplement.
Eligibility criteria for Youth Share
To be eligible for Youth Share clients must:
- Be aged between 18 and 24 years of age;
- Be eligible for social housing;
- Be able to live independently with appropriate support in place;
- Be homeless or at risk of homelessness;
- Be willing to engage with their support provider;
- Be engaged with a PFG support service;
- Be willing to engage in training; education; or employment during the period of the subsidy;
- Be willing to share housing; and
- Have low to medium support needs.
3.3 Rent Choice Veterans
Rent Choice Veterans applies to former members of the permanent Australian Defence Force (ADF) who are homeless or at risk of homelessness, and who have been on active service during wartime and/or in an operational area, including peacekeeping operations after 1 August 1990. It aims to build the client’s capability and competency to sustain a tenancy and achieve independence in the private rental market.
Rent Choice Veterans households do not have to be eligible for social housing to apply, though social housing eligible households may also be eligible for the program. For more information on the maximum moderate household income limit, go to the Moderate income limits table.
In high cost locations, clients may be eligible to receive a deeper subsidy if they can demonstrate the capacity to afford the higher rent at the end of their subsidy period. A deeper subsidy allows the client to find a property that is higher than the standard affordable rent set by FACS. For more information, go to Maximum affordability limits for deeper subsidy by bedroom category table.
Rent Choice Veterans clients may be eligible to receive Brokerage Funds to assist them with costs associated with establishing and maintaining a tenancy. For more information on Brokerage Funds, go to Private Rental Assistance Policy.
Access to Rent Choice Veterans is only delivered by FACS Housing but can be facilitated by all Housing Pathways providers.
Eligibility for Rent Choice Veterans
To be eligible for Rent Choice Veterans, clients are not required to be eligible for social housing however they must:
- Be resident in New South Wales;
- Be a citizen or have permanent residency in Australia;
- Be at least 18 years of age;
- Be homeless or at risk of homelessness;
- Be within the moderate household income limit;
- Not own any assets/property that can be used to resolve their housing need;
- Have low to medium support needs; and
- Be a former member of the permanent ADF – naval, military, or air force who has been on active service during wartime and/or in an operational area, including peacekeeping operations after 1 August 1990.
Rent Choice Veterans clients must provide suitable documentary evidence to support that they:
- Are homeless or at risk of homelessness;
- Have an Independence Support Plan completed with DefenceCare; and
- Have a referral from DefenceCare supporting their eligibility
Reviewing Rent Choice Veterans
FACS will forward the quarterly reviews to DefenceCare who will complete the review on the clients’ behalf. DefenceCare is responsible for conducting the review and submitting the Review Form with a recommendation to extend or end the Rent Choice subsidy to FACS.
4. Deeper subsidy
A deeper subsidy may be available for eligible Rent Choice clients that require accommodation in high cost locations. Clients may be eligible to receive a deeper subsidy if they can demonstrate the capacity to afford the higher rent at the end of their subsidy period. This will be outlined in the client’s ISP. A deeper subsidy allows the client to find a property with a higher market rent than the standard affordable rent.
Locations where a deeper subsidy is available
A deeper subsidy is available in the following locations:
South Eastern Sydney, Northern Sydney, Sydney, Western Sydney, South Western Sydney, Central Coast, Nepean Blue Mountains, Illawarra Shoalhaven, Mid North Coast, Northern NSW and Hunter New England.
Maximum affordability limits for deeper subsidy by bedroom category
The following maximum affordability limits will be considered in the following locations:
|Locations||Maximum affordability limits for a deeper subsidy by bedroom category|
|1 Bedroom||2 Bedroom||3 Bedroom|
|South Eastern Sydney||$350||$450||$550|
|South Western Sydney||$350||$450||N/A|
|Nepean Blue Mountains||$300||$450||N/A|
|Mid North Coast||$300||$450||N/A|
|Hunter New England||$300||$450||N/A|
Based on FACS Rent and Sales report data based on Rents disclosed on Rental Bond Lodgement Forms lodged with BSU Rental Bonds, NSW Fair Trading. Median, 25th percentile rent and new bond count by FACS District and dwelling type, September 2016 quarter - to be updated twice a year.
The weekly rent amount listed can replace the client's current affordability limit as the maximum weekly rent allowable.
A client's bedroom entitlement determines the size of the property and therefore maximum amount of deeper subsidy.
5. Moderate income
Moderate Income Limits for Rent Choice Start Safely and Rent Choice Veterans
Moderate income clients who are identified as being at serious threat of domestic and family violence (DFV), are at risk of homelessness and are referred to a Safety Action Meeting (SAM) may be eligible for Rent Choice Start Safely. SAM’s do not operate in every area. In areas where there is no SAM, clients will still be eligible for the program if they are at serious threat of domestic and family violence.
Veterans with moderate incomes may be eligible for Rent Choice Veterans. Rent Choice Veterans applicants do not have to be eligible for social housing to apply, though social housing eligible households may also be eligible for the Program.
Moderate Income Limits (July 2017):
SYDNEY – gross income
REST of NSW – gross income
Each additional adult (18 years or over)
Each additional adult (18 years or over)
Each additional child under 18
Each additional child under 18
Disability allowance per person
Disability allowance per person
Exceptional disability allowance per person
Exceptional disability allowance per person
Source: NSW Affordable Housing Ministerial Guidelines 2017-18 – updated annually
Calculating moderate income limits
Household composition: Number of adults + Number of children
Example 1: Sydney household - 2 adults + 3 children
Weekly limit: 2 adults ($1,169 + $585) + 3 children (350 x 3) = $2804
Annual limit: 2 adults ($60,800 + $30,400) + 3 children ($18,200 x 3) = $145,800
Example 2: Rest of NSW household – 1 adult + 2 children
Weekly limit: 1 adult ($1,033) + 2 children ($310 x 2) = $1,653
Annual limit: 1 adult ($53,700) + 2 children ($16,100 x 2) = $85,900
6. Legislation and compliance
FACS and Social Housing Management Transfer community housing providers are able to provide private rental assistance products in accordance with the Housing Act 2001.
7. Related documentation
- Eligibility for Social Housing Policy
- Private Rental Assistance Policy
- Children and Young People at Risk Policy
- Client Service Delivery and Appeals Policy
- Domestic Violence Information Sharing Protocol
8. Further information
Appeals and review of decisions
If a client disagrees with a decision a social housing provider has made, they should first discuss their concerns with the staff member that made the decision. The next step, if they still believe the social housing provider made the wrong decision, is to ask for a formal review of the decision.
For information on how reviews work for decisions made by FACS, the client can ask for a copy of the fact sheet Appeals and reviewing decisions, or read the Client Service Delivery and Appeals Policy.
For further information on community housing appeals, go to Community Housing Complaints, Issues and Appeals Management Framework.
Rent Choice decisions that cannot be appealed:
- To end a Rent Choice Subsidy when the client has been given the maximum 36 months assistance.